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Ernest Bergholt's Collection

(Thanks to Paolo Treossi for sending me this entire collection of 56 problems in softcopy.)

Ernest Bergholt of London, England, was apparently the first-ever collector of double dummy problems.  His book, Double Dummy Bridge, was published in 1906.  I am rather surprised by this title because I hadn't realised that any game called bridge existed at that time, when surely whist was so popular that the title Double Dummy Whist might have been more appropriate!  Many of the problems in this book were composed by Bergholt himself.

Unsurprisingly, the problems are mostly quite easy compared with those in my own collection and many in Coffin's collection, but they illustrate many ideas which show up quite frequently in one form or another in later problems.  However, in spite of Coffin's dismissal, some of them, for example number 44, seem quite tricky to me.

Most of the problems were composed by either Bergholt himself or the legendary W.H. Whitfeld.  These composers seemed unashamed of specifying helpful opening leads and also distributed insignificant low cards randomly, a practice deprecated by most modern composers.

Here is a list of links to the entire section, in numerical order (there are gaps in the numbering because some of the problems were found to be too unsound and I wanted to keep the original numbers for my own convenience): 

Bergholt's collection #1, Whitfeld ] Bergholt's collection #2, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #3, Frankenstein ] Bergholt's collection #4, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #5, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #6, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #7, Whitfeld ] Bergholt's collection #8, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #9, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #10, Bedouin ] Bergholt's collection #11, Whitfeld ] Bergholt's collection #12, Whitfeld ] Bergholt's collection #13, Whitfeld ] Bergholt's collection #14, Whitfeld ] Bergholt's collection #15, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #16, Whitfeld ] Bergholt's collection #17, Orr ] Bergholt's collection #18, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #19, Milliken ] Bergholt's collection #20, Milliken ] Bergholt's collection #21, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #22, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #23, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #24, Whitfeld ] Bergholt's collection #25, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #26, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #27, Whitfeld ] Bergholt's collection #28, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #29, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #30, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #31, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #32, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #33, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #35, Whitfeld ] Bergholt's collection #36, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #37, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #38, Whitfeld ] Bergholt's collection #39, Whitfeld ] Bergholt's collection #40, Whitfeld ] Bergholt's collection #41, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #42, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #43, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #44, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #45, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #49, Lewis ] Bergholt's collection #51, anon ] Bergholt's collection #52, Bergholt ] Bergholt's collection #53, anon ] Bergholt's collection #54, anon ] Bergholt's collection #55, anon ] Bergholt's collection #56, anon ]